Trøndersk

Trøndersk is spoken in the Trøndelag district in Central Norway, around the city of Trondheim. The dialect differs both grammatically and phonetically in a number of ways from Standard Eastern Norwegian spoken around Oslo. Trøndersk has quite a unique sound and even Norwegians have to listen carefully in order to fully understand it.

 

Chapter 14 in Trøndersk

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Chapter 26 in Trøndersk

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Joining J’s

An easily recognizable feature is the pronunciation of /l/ and /n/. In certain contexts both letters are accompanied by a weak Norwegian j-sound. This is called palatalisation and is a common feature in Trøndersk as well as in all Northern Norwegian dialects; however, it is not found in Eastern or Western Norwegian dialects. “Han,” “vann” and “vente” are therefore pronounced “hanj,” “vannj,” and “venjte.” Likewise, the name “Lise” becomes “Ljise.”

 

Where are the word endings?

If you listen carefully you’ll notice that the endings of some words are missing. This is a common feature in several Norwegian dialects, especially in Trøndersk. In such an instance, the infinitve and the conjugated form merge, resulting in a shortened form of the verb. Instead of “å vaske gulvet” it is “å vask gulvet” and instead of “Hun setter seg på sofaen” it is “Hun sett seg på sofaen.”